Energy Title LawTitle Examination

Riparian Land Title: Navigating Ownership Through Uncharted Waters – Part 3

Part III of III: The Effect of Avulsion on Riparian Mineral Ownership Unlike the gradual processes of accretion, reliction, and erosion, discussed in the preceding post for this series, avulsion is a “sudden inundation or sweeping away of land resulting from a sudden change in the course of a waterbody.” Eaton v. Francis, 484 P.2d…

Energy Title LawTitle Examination

Riparian Land Title: Navigating Ownership Through Uncharted Waters – Part 2

Part II of III: How do changes in the boundaries of bodies of water affect mineral ownership? As discussed in Part I, grantees of riparian land conveyances take to the center of the non-navigable river, while the state owns the minerals underlying navigable bodies of water up to their ordinary high watermarks. Over time, however,…

Energy Title LawTitle Examination

Riparian Land Title: Navigating Ownership Through Uncharted Waters – Part 1

Part I of III: Ownership Underlying Navigable and Non-Navigable Water Bodies With nearly 265,000 square miles of water, the United States offers a diverse landscape. Inevitably, some of the largest bodies of water are located in targeted areas for oil and gas drilling. Texas, for example, contains over 7,300 square miles of water, while North…

Energy Title LawTitle Examination

The Impact of Acreage Determinations On Pre-Existing Oil and Gas Leases

Operators today have access to geographic information that far outstrips the information once commonly available.  County Assessor’s records are routinely linked through GIS (Geographic Information Services) to provide interactive maps that allow for detailed and accurate mapping and measurement.  At the same time, mineral ownership in large subdivisions has created the need for accurate acreage…